Help to Buy Scheme for First Time Buyers
Since January 2017 – first time buyers in Ireland have been able to claim a tax rebate equal to 5% of the value of the new home they are buying. Some people refer to this a the “First Time Buyers Grant”.
A New home is defined as “a new building which was not previously used, or suitable for use, as a dwelling.” Second hand homes are not eligible.
As of July 2018, Revenue say they had received 18,835 applications to stage 1 of the Help-to-Buy incentive; of these, 13,483 have been approved.
A total of 8240 stage 2 claims have been created to date; of these 4824 have been approved. The total estimated cost to the Exchequer to date of the HTB scheme is €104 million .
The Help to Buy tax rebate of up to €20,000 is available only to first time buyers to help them purchase a new home in Ireland. It is aimed at people who might not be able to afford to put down a 10% deposit in line with Central Bank Mortgage Rules.
The tax rebate can be claimed on new homes that were bought since July 19th 2016 . But – if you signed a contract to buy a property (or drew down the first tranche of the mortgage for a self-build) before 19th July 2016 you will not be eligible for the Help to Buy Scheme
The Help to Buy scheme is due to finish at the end of 2019 – but a review of the scheme was started in 2017 to see if it has had an affect on increased house prices. (So it may end earlier)
Since eb 1st 2018 – First Time Buyers in Ireland can also apply for low interest rate mortgages from local authorities – read more here about this Rebuilding Ireland Home Loan.
It looks like it is possible to use both the Help to Buy Scheme and the Rebuilding Ireland Loan – we have not seen anything to say otherwise.
Bonus : If first time buyers also manage to take out one of the bank mortgages that offer cashback – such as with Bank of Ireland , they could get as much as 8% total cashback.
See the Lowest Mortgage Rates Here
The government’s Help to Buy Scheme (HTB) enables eligible first time buyers to get up to 5% of the purchase price of a new house or apartment back in the form of a tax rebate. This can then be used towards the deposit on the purchase .
The total tax rebate under Help to Buy is limited to the total income tax and DIRT paid over the previous four tax years and will be capped at €20k. If you have paid less than €20k income tax / DIRT in the past 4 years – the maximum rebate possible will be the total amount of tax you paid.
Purchases Before Jan 1st 2017
The rules are different for houses bought or built between July 19th 2016 and Dec 31st 2016. These properties will be eligible for tax rebates on purchases up to €600,000 – but the rebate will still be limited to €20,000.
Purchases from Jan 1st 2017 – The 5% tax rebate will only apply to houses priced up to €500,000. Still with a €20k cap.
Applications for Help to Buy
There are 2 stages to the HTB Application :
Stage 1 is to work out the maximum relief available to you under the scheme based on tax payments you made in the relevant years. You can apply before you choose a house or apply for a mortgage. Once you know the maximum rebate possible – you can then arrange a mortgage and/or sign a contract with a prospective Qualifying Contractor.
When mortgages and contracts are signed you will need to complete Stage 2 of the Help to Buy Claim where the exact rebate will be worked out based on purchase price.
Payments of the rebate will be made directly to the builder/developer as part of the deposit. The builder/developer must have registered with Revenue as a registered contractor under the Help to Buy Scheme . Only properties built by a registered contractor will be eligible.
In the case of a self build – the payment wil be made direct to the bank providing the mortgage.
Before making an application for the Help to Buy Scheme , you will first need to complete Online Forms 12 (if a PAYE taxpayer) OR Forms 11 (if self-assessed), in respect of each of the four tax years and you must pay any outstanding taxes due.
Applicants will also need to register to use the Revenue’s MyEnquiries service.
In order to qualify, applicants must take out a mortgage of at least 70% of the purchase price, or in the case of a self -build, at least 70% of the valuation approved by the mortgage provider.
First Time Buyer – definition . Revenue say that…. “The first-time buyer must not have either individually or jointly with any other person (directly or indirectly), previously purchased, orbuilt a property.”
So – owning an inherited property will not exclude people from this scheme.
Clawback: The property must be occupied by the first-time buyer, or at least one of the first-time buyers in the case of multiple first-time buyers , for a period of five years from the date the property is habitable — otherwise some or all of the rebate will have to be repaid. See Below …
Leave or sell within 1 year – 100% of rebate to be repaid.
Leave or sell within 2 years – 80% of rebate to be repaid.
Leave or sell within 3 years – 60% of rebate to be repaid.
Leave or sell within 4 years – 40% of rebate to be repaid.
Leave or sell within 5 years – 20% of rebate to be repaid.
Examples of Rebate Amounts
Purchase Price Max Tax Rebate on Purchases After Dec 31 2016
First Time Buyers Grant
There was a First Time Buyers Grant in operation from 1977 to 2002. When it was abolished it was worth €3,610 .The Housing Minister at the time said the grant “returned little benefit to consumers” and had “simply been absorbed in the increased profits of builders“.
We wonder if the same thing will happen this time around? Will the HTB scheme just result in a rise in house prices ?
Update – Sept 2017
The Dept of Finance commissioned an independent impact assessment on the effects of the Help to Buy incentive. This was carried out by a company called Indecon Economic Consultants .
This review suggests that the HTB measure was implemented in an
efficient manner and targets support for FTBs to help them fund the deposit on a house. By restricting the measure to owner occupiers and capping
the level of support to the lesser of a number of criteria it has been efficient in minimising the Exchequer costs.
However, the review also found that by providing assistance on properties above average values and by not linking the measure to incomes, the HTB scheme is likely to have been subject to “deadweight.” (Basically it paid out to some people who didn’t need help )