How Many Electric Vehicles are there in Ireland?
- BEVs – are Battery Electric Vehicles.
- PHEVs – are Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicles
According to the SEAI, at the end of May 2022 – there were “over 41,000” electric vehicles, including plug-in hybrids, on the road in Ireland.
According to figures from the Society of the Irish Motor Industry (SIMI), 8,646 new electric cars were registered in 2021 compared to 4,013 in 2020 and 3,444 in 2019.
It means that only 8.24% of all cars sold in Ireland in 2021 were fully electric.
The rise in electric vehicle (EV) sales continues and they made up 20.85 per cent of the new car market so far in 2022 (May).
- BEV 8,261 (13.10%) registered between Jan and May 2022
- PHEV 4,889 (7.75%)
Electric Vehicle Targets for Ireland
The government currently has a target that there will be 936,000 electric vehicles on Irish roads by 2030 with 845,000 of these to be private passenger cars . This includes battery EVs and plug-in hybrid EVs but not Petrol/Diesel hybrids) . This will be equivalent to one-third of the 2.8 million vehicles that are currently on the road in Ireland.
Ireland has also set itself the target of ending the sale of cars powered just by fossil fuels by 2030.
The Climate Action Plan (June 2019) proposes more incentives for people willing to transfer to Electric Vehicles, including a possible car-scrappage scheme to replace the current EV grants. The action plan aims to have a charging network capable of catering for 800,000 EVs in place by 2030.
Most Popular Electric Cars in Ireland 2022
Based on new vehicle sales up to May 2022 – these were the five most popular new Electric Vehicles in Ireland in 2022
- VW ID 4
- Hyundai Ioniq 5
- Kia EV6
- Nissan Leaf
- Tesla Model 3
The popularity of Electric vehicles in Ireland is growing – but maybe not as fast as the government hopes. This could be because people are concerned about limits on driving distances, the initial purchase cost and the perceived inconvenience (and potential cost) of charging the battery.
The availability of reliable, working charging stations for longer journeys is also an issue.
Here are some facts and figures about electric cars.
Grants for Electric Cars
There is currently a grant available of up to €5000 towards the cost of buying a battery-electric car. (For commercial vehicles the maximum grant is €3800.) The maximum grant of €5000 is payable on approved vehicles priced at €20,000 or more. Smaller grants are payable on lower value vehicles. Vehicles priced lower than €14000 do not qualify for a grant.
The maximum grant used to be €5000 for plug-in hybrids. However, on 1 July 2021 , the maximum grant available on plug-in hybrids was reduced to €2,500.
Only new vehicles bought from an approved dealer can qualify for the grants. There are about 110 approved dealers and they handle the grant applications and deduct the grant from the price of the car.
There is also a €600 grant available to help cover the purchase and installation of home charger systems. (You don’t have to own an electric car to qualify for this grant.) More information here about the Cost of Home Charging Points
How Far Can an Electric Car Travel?
Some models of electric cars can travel around 500km on a full charge. Teslas have the longest range – as high as 560km. The typical range of most new electric cars is from 250km to 350km.
Nissan says that their Leaf , fully electric car, can travel 250km with a fully charged 30 kWh battery and 378km with the latest 40 kWh battery.
The Hyundai Kona can do 447km on a full charge.
An example of a round trip of around 250km would be to Dublin City Centre from Wexford or Athlone and back.
Prices of Electric Cars in Ireland
Electric cars are often assumed to cost a lot more than “normal” cars.
Compared to conventionally powered cars, the price of a new electric car can be anything from 15% to 50% higher. But with the government grant – the prices can compare quite well.
The cheapest electric cars are priced at around €27,000 (after the grant).
VRT Relief on Electric Cars
- Electric cars with a selling Price of up €40,000 will be granted VRT relief of up to €5,000.
- Vehicles with a selling price of greater than €40,000 but less than €50,000 will receive a reduced level of relief.
- On prices over €40,000, the relief is reduced by 50% of the selling price over €40,000.
- There is no VRT relief on electric vehicles above €50,000.
In Budget 2022 – VRT relief was extended until the end of 2023
Some Sample Electric Car Prices in Ireland
Cheapest Priced Models Shown First
- Fiat 500e €24,995
- Opel Corsa-e SC €27,322
- Renault Zoe Ze50 Play 56kwh €27,750
- Nissan Leaf XE 40 €28,145
- Peugeot e-208 50kwh: €29,105
- Hyundai Kona 67kwh €30,995
- Mini Cooper SE €31,715
- Volkswagen Id 3 Life €32.966
- Opel Mokka €34,000
- Kia Soul €37,513
- Hyundai Ioniq €38,495
- BMW i3 €39,695
- Skoda Enyaq €39.495
- Volkswagen Id 4 €45,110
- Nissan Ariya – Price not known yet.
- Tesla Model 3 €51,574
- Audi Etron 50 €74,990
- Tesla Model S €117,000
Prices from late 2021 AND they include €5,000 SEAI Grant for Private Customers & any Government VRT Relief.
You might be able to save some money by purchasing a second-hand electric car in the UK. Especially if it was made in the UK – because there will be no import duty.
For some tips on the best way to pay – see or page about Buying a Car in The UK
Do electric cars really save you money?
Electric Car Running Costs:
- A new Ford Focus petrol car driven 16000km would cost an estimated €2475 in fuel over 12 months. (Based on a price of €2.15 per litre.)
- It is estimated that a Nissan Leaf 40Kwh all-electric car driven 16,000km would use 3000 kWh of electricity. and would cost €450 in electricity. (Based on night rates of 15c per Kwh).
So – compared to petrol costs – this is a saving of €2025 per year.
Swapping to a night rate tariff or a smart tariff , means that you pay more for your daytime electricity usage and a bigger standing charge. More here about Night Meter Electricity Charge
More here on How Much it can Cost to Charge an Electric Car in Ireland
Other Electric Car Running Costs
The Motor Tax on a Battery Electric Vehicle in Ireland is the lowest rate possible which is €120 a year.
Electric Car Servicing Costs
A big difference between traditional and electric cars is that electric cars don’t need nearly as much servicing as traditional cars. There are much fewer moving parts, no oil or filters, no clutch, timing belt etc.
A service for a Nissan Leaf should cost from about €120 – a petrol equivalent could cost from around €199 .
Benefit in Kind on Electric Cars
There is an exemption on benefit in kind (BIK) with company electric cars. A cap of €50,000 applies to the relief. Typically, if your employer offers you a non-electric company car, you will be subject to BIK on it. This is based on taking 30% of the original market value of the car and then applying income tax to this. So, a car worth €30,000 will cost an employee €2,000 a year in income tax for lower-rate payers, and cost €5,200 for those on the higher rate.
This was due to end in Dec 2021 – but Budget 2022 announced that the BIK exemption for battery electric vehicles will be extended out to 2025 with a tapering effect on the vehicle value.
This measure will take effect from 2023. For BIK purposes, the original market value of an electric vehicle will be reduced by €35,000 for 2023; €20,000 for 2024; and €10,000 for 2025.
The BIK exemption on electric cars also means the employer won’t have to pay the employer’s PRSI on the vehicle.
ESB Charging stations
ESB has developed an island of Ireland-wide charging infrastructure of 1,200 public charge points. (about 900 of these are in the Republic). ESB state that fast charge points are located every 50km on all major inter-urban routes. But the problem can be that some of them are out of order. electric car owners have to register and get a card to use the chargers. (Here) .
At the ESB public charging points, the majority will currently charge at 22kW, taking around four hours to fully charge a typical car.
Over 70 of the ESB charging points use 43kW ‘fast charging’ which can charge most batteries to 80% in around 30 minutes. Not all EVs can avail of rapid charging but can still use rapid chargers at a slower charging rate.
Charging at all ESB public points was FREE , but some fees were introduced in 2019 . Fees started on the ESB Fast Public Chargers (43kW DC) from 18th November 2019
The standard (22kW AC) public charging network was free up until August 10th 2020 – but fees are now charged.
You can find a map of all the ESB charge points here.
Electric cars are not really “zero-emission” – but they are more environmentally friendly than petrol or diesel cars and will become more so as the generation of electricity from renewable sources increases to the government target of 40%.
Although fully electric cars are classed as producing zero carbon emissions, some of the electricity they use may have been generated by burning gas or coal.
An increasing proportion of electricity in Ireland is generated from renewable sources such as wind and solar . According to a recent analysis from EirGrid, renewable generation accounted for 43% of Irish electricity consumption in 2020.
Reduced Toll Charges for Electric Vehicles
Since July 2018 there is now a discount scheme for electric vehicles with as much as 75% off toll tag charges on the M50 for example. This could be worth up to €500 a year for daily M50 users. More about the electric car toll discount scheme here