How Many Electric Vehicles are there in Ireland?
- BEVs – are Battery Electric Vehicles.
- PHEVs – are Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicles
According to the SEAI, at the end of January 2024 – there were “over 110,000” electric vehicles, including plug-in hybrids, on the road in Ireland.
How Many fully electric vehicles are there in Ireland?
We estimate there were about 34,000 Electric cars registered in Ireland (not including hybrids) as of January 2023.
22493 fully electric cars were registered in 2023 This is equivalent to about 19% of all new car registrations (159,778)
(Figures do not include hybrids)
Electric Vehicle Targets for Ireland
The government currently has a target that there will be 945,000 electric vehicles on Irish roads by 2030 with 845,000 of these being private passenger cars . This includes battery EVs and plug-in hybrid EVs but not Petrol/Diesel hybrids) . This will be equivalent to one-third of the 2.8 million vehicles that are currently on the road in Ireland. It is a high target to hit .
The government’s interim target is to have 175,000 electric cars on the roads by 2025.
Ireland had set itself the target of ending the sale of cars powered just by fossil fuels alone by 2030.
The EU has set a date of 2035 for the end of the sale of fossil-fueled cars – Ireland will have to fall in line with this target.
What Are The Most Popular Electric Cars in Ireland ?
Based on new vehicle sales – these were the four most popular new Electric Vehicles in Ireland in 2023.
- VW ID 4
- Tesla Model Y
- Hyundai Ioniq
- Tesla Model 3
(Data from CSO)
The popularity of Electric vehicles in Ireland is growing – but maybe not as fast as the government hopes. This could be because people are concerned about limits on driving distances, the initial purchase cost and the perceived inconvenience (and potential cost) of charging the battery.
The availability of reliable, working charging stations for longer journeys is also an issue.
Here are some facts and figures about electric cars.
Grants for Electric Cars
There is currently an SEAI grant available of up to €3500 towards the cost of buying a battery-electric car. (For commercial vehicles the maximum grant is €3800.) The maximum grant of €3500 is payable on approved vehicles priced at €20,000 or more. Smaller grants are payable on lower-value vehicles. Vehicles priced lower than €14000 do not qualify for a grant. Many dealers display prices after deducting the grant.
The maximum grant was previously €5000 but was reduced to €3500 from July 1st 2023 . There will be further decreases over the coming years .
Please note that SEAI grants are not available for second-hand EVs.
Electric Vehicle Grants
|List price of approved EV
|€14,000 to €15,000
|€15,000 to €16,000
|€16,000 to €17,000
|€17,000 to €18,000
|€18,000 to €19,000
|€19,000 to €20,000
|€20,000 to €60,000
Only new vehicles bought from an approved dealer can qualify for the grants. There are about 110 approved dealers who handle the grant applications and deduct the grant from the price of the car.
Grants are not payable on cars priced at over €60,000.
Home Charger Grants
There is also a €300 grant available to help cover the purchase and installation of home charger systems. (You don’t have to own an electric car to qualify for this grant.)
NOTE: The grant was reduced from €600 in Jan 2024.
More information here about the Cost of Home Charging Points
Electric vehicle grants for taxis, hackneys, and limousines (SPSV)
Note: The 2023 closing date for applications was 30 November 2023
If you are a driver of a small public service vehicle (SPSV), you can get a grant of up to €10,000 to buy a full battery PSV, with an additional €2,500 available for models that are wheelchair accessible.
Smaller grants are also available for second-hand vehicles (less than 4 years old) and also for Plug in Hybrid electric vehicles. Grants start at €3500.
You may get double the normal grant if you scrap an older, more polluting or high-mileage car and switch to electric.
That means a grant of as much as €25,000 is possible if replacing a scrapped vehicle with an electric one that is wheelchair accessible.
(Vehicles eligible for scrappage are those with mileage of 300,000km or more OR vehicles within 3 years of the maximum age allowed for Taxis/ SPVs)
A new taxi grant scheme is due to start again in early 2024
How Far Can an Electric Car Travel?
Some models of electric cars can travel around 500km on a full charge. Teslas have the longest range – as high as 720km. The typical range of most new electric cars is from 250km to 420km.
A Nissan Leaf , 40Kwh fully electric car, can travel 270km with a fully charged 40 kWh battery.
An example of a round trip of around 270km would be to Dublin City Centre from Wexford or Athlone and back.
Prices of Electric Cars in Ireland
Electric cars are often assumed to cost a lot more than “normal” cars.
Compared to conventionally powered cars, the price of a new electric car can be anything from 15% to 50% higher. But with the government grant – the prices can compare quite well.
The cheapest electric cars are priced at around €28,000 (after the grant).
VRT Relief on Electric Cars
- Electric cars with a selling Price of up €40,000 will be granted VRT relief of up to €5,000.
- Vehicles with a selling price of greater than €40,000 but less than €50,000 will receive a reduced level of relief.
- On prices over €40,000, the relief is reduced by 50% of the selling price over €40,000.
- There is no VRT relief on electric vehicles above €50,000.
In Budget 2024 – VRT relief was extended until the end of 2024
Comparison of Some Electric Car Prices in Ireland
Cheapest Priced Models Shown First
- Fiat 500e 24Kwh €27,495
- Nissan Leaf XE 40Kwh €28,495
- MG4 Standard 51Kwh €28,995
- VW e UP 32.3Kwh €29,313
- BYD Dolphin 62Kwh €29,318
- MG4 Long Range 61Kwh €32,495
- Peugeot e-208 51kwh: €32,780
- Opel Mokka €35,849
- Renault Zoe 56kwh €36,899
- Hyundai Kona 48kwh €36,995
- Citroen C4 €38,074
- Opel Astra 54Kwh €39,597
- Volkswagen Id 3 Pro 62Kwh €40,813
- Nissan Leaf SV 62Kwh €40,090
- Hyundai Ioniq 58Kwh €44,495
- Volkswagen Id 3 Pro 82Kwh €49,580
- Tesla Model Y €46,490
- Tesla Model 3 €45,000
- Skoda Enyaq €48,749
- Kia Niro €42,400
- Tesla Model 3 €41,832
- Tesla Model Y €48,021
- BMW i4 84Kwh€52,200
- Volkswagen Id 4 Pro €55,280
- Audi Q4 Etron €58,980
Note: These Guide Prices from Jan 2024 include the SEAI Grant for Private Customers & any Government VRT Relief.
Please note that there may be price variations due to delivery charges. Please check prices with dealers first.
You might be able to save some money by purchasing a second-hand electric car in the UK. Especially if it was made in the UK – because there will be no import duty. However, many “UK made” cars, such as the Nissan Leaf , are built from parts from outside the UK and might not be classed as “UK origin” .
For some tips on the best way to pay – see or page about Buying a Car in The UK
Do Electric Cars Save You Money?
Electric Car Running Costs:
Electricity Costs Vs Petrol – an example
- A Citroen C4 petrol car driven 18000km would cost an estimated €1457 in fuel . (Based on a petrol price of €1.70 per litre and fuel usage of 21 km per litre)
- It is estimated that a Citroen C4 EV all-electric car driven 18,000km would use 2300 kWh of electricity. and would cost €590 in electricity. (Based on night rates of 20.51c per Kwh).
- Compared to average fuel costs for the petrol version – this is a saving of €867 per year.
- This works out as 60% cheaper
Important : If you charge a car on standard daytime rates the savings will be a lot less.
Electric Cars Energy Consumption Figures
Some Examples of estimated Electricity Usage for 18000km – Lowest First
|Energy Cost To Drive 18000km
(Based on Night Rates + Home Charger)
|Tesla Model 3
|VW Id 3
Average Car Fuel Costs Compared (Q4 2023 prices)
|Average Cost per 100km
** These figures are from SEAI and are based on 90% charging at home on night rates and 10% on public chargers using prices from Q4 2023.
Swapping to a night rate tariff or a smart tariff , means that you will pay less at night time but more for your daytime electricity usage and sometimes a higher standing charge.
More here about Night Saver Electricity Charges
More here on Running Costs of Electric Cars in Ireland
Other Electric Car Running Costs
The Motor Tax on a Battery Electric Vehicle in Ireland is the lowest rate possible which is €120 a year.
Electric Car Servicing Costs
A big difference between traditional and electric cars is that electric cars don’t need as much servicing as traditional cars. There are much fewer moving parts, no oil or filters, no clutch, timing belt etc.
The estimated average annual maintenance costs for an electric car are €350 , while the estimated maintenance costs for petrol/diesel cars are €700 a year.
Benefit in Kind on Electric Cars
There is an exemption on benefit in kind (BIK) with company electric cars.
The Dept of Finance announced the phasing out of this 0% Benefit-in-kind on Electric Vehicles over the next 4 years .
Prior to 2023 the BIK on fully electric vehicles was 0% on an OMV (Original Market Value) up to €50,000, after €50,000 the 30% rate of Benefit in Kind applied.
From 2023 onwards – for BIK purposes, the threshold / cap on original market value of an electric vehicle will be reduced to €35,000 for 2023; and will be reduced to €20,000 for 2024; and €10,000 for 2025. It will be abolished altogether in 2026. From 2023 there are new rates for BIK, and the rate for Electric Vehicles will be 22.5% for everything over the new threshold.
For example :
In 2023 Threshold changes to €35,000 @ 0% BIK, 22.5% for balance
Car Original Market Value =€50,000
BIK = (€50,000 -€35,000)* 22.5% = €3,375
Tax at marginal rate of 52% of €3,375 = €1,755
ESB Charging stations
ESB has developed an island of Ireland-wide charging infrastructure of 1,200 public charge points. (about 900 of these are in the Republic). ESB states that fast charge points are located every 50km on all major inter-urban routes. But the problem can be that some of them are out of order. electric car owners have to register and get a card to use the chargers. (Here) .
At the ESB public charging points, the majority will currently charge at 22kW, taking around four hours to fully charge a typical car.
Over 70 of the ESB charging points use 43kW ‘fast charging’ which can charge most batteries to 80% in around 30 minutes. Not all EVs can avail of rapid charging but can still use rapid chargers at a slower charging rate.
Charging at all ESB public points was FREE , but some fees were introduced in 2019 .
You can find a map of all the ESB charge points here.
Electric cars are not really “zero-emission” – but they are more environmentally friendly than petrol or diesel cars and will become more so as the generation of electricity from renewable sources increases to the government target of 40%.
Although fully electric cars are classed as producing zero carbon emissions, some of the electricity they use may have been generated by burning gas or coal.
An increasing proportion of electricity in Ireland is generated from renewable sources such as wind and solar . According to a recent analysis from EirGrid, renewable generation accounted for 43% of Irish electricity consumption in 2020.