There were 4825 electric cars in Ireland on the road at the start of 2019 . (Out of a total of 2.7 million vehicles) . Another 4054 were regstered in 2019 – so if they are all still on the road that means there are almost 9000 electric cars on the roads in Ireland.
The government currently has a target that electric vehicles will make up 10% of all vehicles on the road by 2020 – that would mean about 230,000 electric vehicles on the road.
Ireland has also set itself the target of ending the sale of cars powered just by fossil fuels by 2030.
The recently announced Climate Action Plan (June 2019) proposes more incentives for people willing to transfer to Electric Vehicles, including a possible car-scrappage scheme to replace the current EV grants. The plan aims to have a charging network capable of catering for 800,000 EVs in place by 2030.
- In 2017 just 623 new electric cars were registered in Ireland out of a total of 127,000 new cars.This was an increase from just 392 in 2016.
- In 2018 there were 1,233 electric vehicles registered in Ireland.
- In 2019 a total of 4054 electric vehicles were registered in Ireland (new and used)
- The Nissan Leaf is the most popular EV in Ireland, followed closely by the Hyundai Kona
The popularity of Electric cars in Ireland is growing – but maybe not as much as the government hopes. This is probably because people are still a bit concerned about limits on driving distances, the initial purchase cost and the perceived inconvenience (and potential cost) of charging the battery.
The availability of reliable, working charging stations for longer journeys is also an issue.
Here are a few facts and figures that might help people make a decision about buying an electric car.
Grants for Electric Cars
There is currently a grant available of up to €5000 towards the cost of buying an electric car. (For commercial vehicles the maximum grant is €3800.) The maximum grant of €5000 is payable on approved vehicles priced at €20,000 or more. Smaller grants are payable on lower value vehicles. Vehicles priced lower than €14000 do not qualify for a grant.
Only new vehicles bought from an approved dealer can qualify for the grant. There are about 110 approved dealers and they handle the grant applications and deduct the grant from the price of the car.
There is also a €600 grant available for electric car owners to help cover the purchase and installation of home charger systems. More information about the Cost of Home Charging Points
How Far Can an Electric Car Travel?
Some models of electric cars can travel up to 400km on a full charge –
The Hyundai Nissan says that their Leaf , fully electric car, can travel 250km with a fully charged 30 kWh battery and 378km with the latest 40 kWh battery.
An example of a round trip of just 140km would be to the ISFC in Dublin City Centre from places such as Kinnegad , Newbridge Drogheda or Arklow .
How Much Do Electric Cars Cost ?
Electric cars are often assumed to be more expensive to buy than “normal” cars.
Compared to conventionally powered cars, the price of a new electric car can be anything from 15% to 50% higher. But with the government grant – the prices can compare quite well. (Prices below are after the grant has been deducted)
- Renault Zoe Ze50 Play 56kwh €26,990
- Peugeot e-208 50kwh: €27,334
- Nissan Leaf 40kwh : €29,890
- Hyundai Iconic 40kwh €34,850
- Hyundai Kona 67kwh €38,630
You could save some money by purchasing a second-hand electric car in the UK. For some tips on the best way to pay – see out page about Buying a Car in The UK
Electric Car Running Costs:
Nissan Leaf dealers claim that driving 20,000 km in a Nissan Leaf fully electric car will only cost €200 in electricity. They base this on using night rate electricity. But swapping to a night rate tariff means that you pay more for your daytime electricity usage and a bigger standing charge. So – if the only night-time electricity you are using is the car charger – then you might end up paying a bit more for daytime household usage.
A new Ford Focus petrol car driven 16000km – is estimated to cost €1580 over 12 months based on the price of €1.369 per litre.
SEAI estimates that a Nissan Leaf 40Kwh all electric car driven 16,000km would use 3000 kWh of electricity. and would cost €219 in electricity. (Based on night rates)
So – compared to petrol costs – this is a saving of €1361 per year.
You would get back the €4000 difference in the purchase price within 3 years.
People who drive more than 16,000 km a year will save even more on fuel.
VRT on Electric cars is Zero
Motor Tax on electric cars is the lowest rate possible which is €120 a year.
Benefit in Kind on Electric Cars
There is an exemption on benefit in kind (BIK) with company electric cars. (due to end December 2021.) A cap of €50,000 applies to the relief. Typically, if your employer offers you a non-electric company car, you will be subject to BIK on it. This is based on taking 30% of the original market value of the car and then applying income tax to this. So, a car worth €30,000 will cost an employee €2,000 a year in income tax for lower-rate payers, and cost €5,200 for those on the higher rate. There will be no BIK tax on an electric vehicle with an original market value less than €50k .
The BIK exemption on electric cars also means the employer won’t have to pay employer’s PRSI of 10.95 per cent on the vehicle.
ESB has developed an island of Ireland-wide charging infrastructure of 1,200 public charge points. (about 900 of these are in the Republic). ESB state that fast charge points are located every 50km on all major inter-urban routes. But the problem can be that some of them are out of order. electric car owners have to register and get a card to use the chargers. (Here) .
At the ESB public charging points, the majority will currently charge at 22kW, taking around four hours to fully charge a typical car.
Over 70 of the ESB charging points use 43kW ‘fast charging’ which can charge most batteries to 80% in around 30 minutes. Not all EVs can avail of rapid charging but can still use rapid chargers at a slower charging rate.
Charging at all ESB charging points was FREE but some fees were introduced from November 18th 2019.
Fees will apply to the Fast Public Chargers (43kW DC) from 18th November. This will be followed by the introduction of pricing for High Power Chargers (150kW DC) once the first high power hubs are installed in early 2020.
The standard (22kW AC) network will continue to be free to use while it is upgraded over the coming months.
There will be a pay-as-you-go option which will be charged at 33 cent per kW. So – based on this price ESB estimate it would cost €4.89 to charge a car enough travel 100km. ( Based on the driving range of a 40kWh Nissan LEAF)
A subscription option will cost €5 a month, with a slightly lower charging fee of 29 cent per kW.
You can find a map of all the charge points here.
Electric Car Servicing Costs
A big difference between traditional and electric cars is that electric cars don’t need nearly as much servicing as traditional cars. There are much less moving parts, no oil or filters, the brakes don’t get much use, there’s no clutch. A service for a Nissan Leaf should cost from about €120 – a petrol equivalent could cost from around €199 .
Fully electric cars are classed as having zero carbon emissions – because there is no carbon from the exhaust. But obviously – some of the electricity they use might have been generated from burning gas or coal. A larger proportion of electricity in Ireland is now generated from renewable sources such as wind and solar . According to new analysis from EirGrid, 32pc of electricity demand in Ireland during 2018 was met by renewable electricity So – electric cars are not really “zero-emission” – but they are more environmentally friendly than petrol or diesel cars and will become more so as the generation of electricity from renewable sources increases to the government target of 40%.
Toll Charges for Electric Vehicles
Since July 2018 there is now a discount scheme for electric vehicles with as much as 75% off toll tag charges on the M50 for example. This could be worth up to €500 a year for daily M50 users . More about the toll discount scheme here