There can be some big savings to be made by buying a used car from Northern Ireland or Britain and bringing it to Ireland.
In the first 6 months of 2019, almost 40% of all car registrations were on imported cars. The number of imported private cars licensed increased by 2.8% compared with the same period in 2018. There were 51,694 imported cars licenced compared to 77,639 new cars in the first 6 months of 2019.
Buying a car in Northern Ireland, England, Wales or Scotland will usually end up costing a lot less for Irish residents – especially when the Sterling/ Euro exchange rate favours the Euro. Since the vote for Brexit – the value of the Pound has fallen quite a lot – making used UK car purchases even better value.
See more about the latest Euro Sterling Exchange Rate Here
Buying a used car from the UK and importing it into Ireland can sometimes save buyers several thousand Euros – even after you factor in the expenses of travel, VRT etc.
The used car prices in Northern Ireland will usually be more expensive than the rest of the UK. Also – the rest of Britain is a bigger market than Northern Ireland so there is more scope in England or Wales for getting a good value car with a higher spec.
But it will usually be less time-consuming – to buy a car in Northern Ireland than it is to travel to Britain, and potentially spend more money on extras such as accommodation, food, and other travel expenses. Do your own checks on prices on sites such as Autotrader and factor in ferry and other travel expenses.
Paying for a car in the UK in Sterling – what are the options?
Using Your Own Bank: This will nearly always work out as the most expensive option. If you just ask your own bank to do the currency conversion and send the money to the car dealer’s account – you will not get the best exchange rate.
The majority of the major banks will typically make between a 2% and 4% margin on the exchange rates they use.
Getting a better deal on the EUR/GBP exchange rate could easily save you enough money to tax your imported car for a year. For example on a £15,000 car purchase – a difference of just 2% on the exchange rate would save you £300. (Probably enough to pay to bring the car on the ferry back to Ireland.)
Below – we have listed some of the best options for paying for a car in the UK.
Best Way of Paying for a car bought in the UK
You could use the online currency exchange marketplace CurrencyFair. They are based in Dublin and are regulated by the Central Bank of Ireland. You can pay in your Euros to CurrencyFair by bank transfer or with a debit card (for an extra 0.25%
Fexco has been around since 1981 and is regulated by the Central Bank of Ireland, and by the Financial Conduct Authority for the conduct of payment business in the UK.
TransferWise is a UK based global business specialising in online international payments. Transferwise uses the mid-market exchange rate and has low upfront fees. As well as sending and receiving money overseas you can hold and convert money in a borderless
TransferMate – is an Irish currency exchange company with plenty of experience in dealing with UK car purchases by Irish residents and also by Irish businesses such as car dealers.
Once you have set up an account with Transfermate you can just contact them to confirm the amount in sterling you have to pay and who to pay it to.
Transfermate will give you a rate and tell you how much you will need to pay in Euros. Once you transfer your Euros to their client account in Ireland the car dealer in the UK can be sent the Sterling on the same day – usually in a couple of hours. You can also reserve an exchange rate for a small refundable deposit and do the transfer when you are ready to buy.
When is the best time to buy a UK used car ?
Car dealers are often open to negotiation when it comes to price, but they can be more open to a bargain at certain times of the year.
In the UK, vehicle registration plates change twice a year, in March and in September. So towards the end of those 2 months, UK dealers can find themselves with a lot of used cars in stock that they want to shift because that’s when lots of people tend to part exchange their old cars for new ones.
Brexit and UK Car Imports
Be aware – a no-deal Brexit might result in VAT being charged on
Brexit has been delayed until January 2020 – but if you are thinking of buying a used car in the UK – you might want to do it sooner rather than later.
Even if there is some sort of a Brexit deal – there could still be VAT and customs duty on UK imports.
What are some other payment options when buying a car in the UK?
Paying with a Debit Card – There are daily spending limits on almost all Irish debit cards – (not Bunq or BOI) so this method may not be a viable option for most UK car purchases. Also, some sellers will have limits on how much they will accept by debit card.
Irish Debit Card Daily Spending Limits are …
- EBS: €2,000 ;
- PTSB: €2,500 ;
- KBC: €2,500 ;
- N26: €5000 ;
- Revolut – £5,000 over a 96 hour period.
- AIB: €7,100 ( €5,000 max per transaction)
- Bunq €50,000 (*see below)
- BOI no daily limit.
There will usually be a small “non-euro” transaction charge from the “old school” banks for using a debit card to buy in Sterling – but it won’t be more than €11.43 whatever you spend.
The exchange rate used will be the Visa or Mastercard Rate
Bunq Travel Card : * This is a prepaid Mastercard with no daily spending limits. (It is treated as a credit card by point of sale terminals.) Bunq
N26 :– If you get a debit card from the new online bank N26 – they won’t apply any extra charges when you make purchases in non-Euro currencies. They use the Mastercard exchange rate – which is usually about 0.25% over the interbank rate.
N26 is an “online-only” bank, based in Germany and licensed by the European Central Bank
You can find out more and sign up here for an N26 Bank Account.
Bank Draft – not really a viable option. This involves getting your Irish bank to convert your Euros to Sterling and write a banker’s draft in Sterling payable to the car seller. Many UK dealers won’t take bank drafts because of forgery problems. Also – the exchange rate you get from your bank is likely to be a lot worse than the other options listed above and there are usually extra fees.
Cash: Paying in cash is not really a viable option either. On larger value purchases most reputable car dealers won’t take cash. Even if they do – you definitely won’t get the best exchange rate on cash and there’s also the worry of theft or loss of the cash.
Credit Card – using your Irish credit card to pay for a car in Sterling (assuming your credit limit is big enough) is not really a good option. The exchange rate might be OK – but the credit card company will charge you between 1.75% and 2.65% on a foreign currency transaction. Based on an average of 2% – this would mean a charge of about €500 on a £20,000 purchase. More here about Credit Card Fees When Buying Overseas
Other Costs to Consider when importing a car from the UK to Ireland.
VAT: For VAT purposes – cars are considered not to be second hand if less than 6 months have passed since the date of first registration or there is mileage of less than 6000 km.
Second-Hand Cars are usually sold by dealers inclusive of UK VAT. The sale is not liable to VAT if the seller is a private person.
Second-hand cars sold by a UK dealer to a dealer in Ireland can qualify for zero VAT if
- the seller has the buyer’s VAT number and displays it on the invoice, and
- there are commercial documents showing evidence of the car leaving the UK.
Buyers in Ireland currently don’t have to pay Irish VAT on a second hand imported car from the UK. (Things will change after a no-deal Brexit though – VAT will probably be charged in full at the time of import.)
New cars exported from the UK to Ireland cars are currently sold without UK VAT. But Irish VAT is due on it when you import it.
A car is considered new if no more than 6 months have passed since the date on which it was first registered or if its mileage does not exceed 6000 km.
VRT Charges on Imported Cars:
Vehicle Registration Tax :- Before you purchase any vehicle in the UK, ensure that you use the Revenue VRT Calculator in order to find the potential VRT charges that you will have to pay here when registering the vehicle here.
The VRT due on passenger vehicles (cars) is based on a percentage of the car’s ” Open Market Selling Price” (OMSP) as determined by the Revenue Commissioners. This percentage varies, depending on the car’s CO2 emissions. (VRT Rates Here) Lower emissions mean lower VRT. The lowest rate is 14% – rising to 34% for high CO2 emissions.
VRT Category B includes commercial vehicles, designed and constructed for the carriage of goods and not exceeding 3.5 tonnes. These vehicles are European category N1 and generally have three seats or less. VRT Category B also includes motor caravans.
The VRT is generally 13.3% of the OMSP and the minimum due is €125.
However, some N1 vans are charged a flat rate of €200 if they always had:
- less than four seats
- a laden mass greater than 130% of the mass in service.